443 connection problem
Posted by: Claudius (---.bardstown.com)
Date: August 18, 2020 02:33PM

Win 10 Pro V.1903

WAMP 3.2.3
Apache 2.4.46
PHP 7.3.21
MySQL 8.0.21
MariaDB 10.5.4


OK, I have followed the tutorial on configuring SSL. I've been through the code and through the code. I can connect on port 80 but not 443.

I have port 443 forwarded to my server. The server has a static IP.

I have tried to connect on 443 with the windows firewall on and off and I get the same error both ways. I have tried Microsoft IE and Edge browsers. Both browsers error out with, "can't reach this page."


The, "d:/wamp64/bin/apache/apache2.4.41/bin/httpd -t" debugger says that my syntax is OK.

What files would you need to review in order to bail me out of the mess I've made?



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 08/18/2020 02:38PM by Claudius.

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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: RiggsFolly (Moderator)
Date: August 18, 2020 06:25PM

Start with the `httpd-ssl.conf` and the `httpd-vhosts.conf`

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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: Claudius (---.bardstown.com)
Date: August 18, 2020 11:11PM

OK...

Here is httpd-vhosts.conf…

# Virtual Hosts
#
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName localhost
ServerAlias localhost
DocumentRoot "${INSTALL_DIR}/www"
<Directory "${INSTALL_DIR}/www/">
Options +Indexes +Includes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Require local
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>


#
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName connections.dyndns-home.com
# ServerName redrubberball
DocumentRoot "d:/wamp64/www/redrubberball"
<Directory "d:/wamp64/www/redrubberball/">
Options +Indexes +Includes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
AllowOverride All
# Require local
Require all granted
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>

**************************************************************

...and here is httpd-ssl.conf…

#
# This is the Apache server configuration file providing SSL support.
# It contains the configuration directives to instruct the server how to
# serve pages over an https connection. For detailed information about these
# directives see <URL:[httpd.apache.org];
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# Required modules: mod_log_config, mod_setenvif, mod_ssl,
# socache_shmcb_module (for default value of SSLSessionCache)

#
# Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):
# Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the SSL library.
# The seed data should be of good random quality.
# WARNING! On some platforms /dev/random blocks if not enough entropy
# is available. This means you then cannot use the /dev/random device
# because it would lead to very long connection times (as long as
# it requires to make more entropy available). But usually those
# platforms additionally provide a /dev/urandom device which doesn't
# block. So, if available, use this one instead. Read the mod_ssl User
# Manual for more details.
#
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512


#
# When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the
# standard HTTP port (see above) and to the HTTPS port
#
Listen 443

##
## SSL Global Context
##
## All SSL configuration in this context applies both to
## the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.
##

# SSL Cipher Suite:
# List the ciphers that the client is permitted to negotiate,
# and that httpd will negotiate as the client of a proxied server.
# See the OpenSSL documentation for a complete list of ciphers, and
# ensure these follow appropriate best practices for this deployment.
# httpd 2.2.30, 2.4.13 and later force-disable aNULL, eNULL and EXP ciphers,
# while OpenSSL disabled these by default in 0.9.8zf/1.0.0r/1.0.1m/1.0.2a.
SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!MD5:!RC4:!3DES
SSLProxyCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!MD5:!RC4:!3DES

# By the end of 2016, only TLSv1.2 ciphers should remain in use.
# Older ciphers should be disallowed as soon as possible, while the
# kRSA ciphers do not offer forward secrecy. These changes inhibit
# older clients (such as IE6 SP2 or IE8 on Windows XP, or other legacy
# non-browser tooling) from successfully connecting.
#
# To restrict mod_ssl to use only TLSv1.2 ciphers, and disable
# those protocols which do not support forward secrecy, replace
# the SSLCipherSuite and SSLProxyCipherSuite directives above with
# the following two directives, as soon as practical.
# SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!SSLv3:!kRSA
# SSLProxyCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!SSLv3:!kRSA

# User agents such as web browsers are not configured for the user's
# own preference of either security or performance, therefore this
# must be the prerogative of the web server administrator who manages
# cpu load versus confidentiality, so enforce the server's cipher order.
SSLHonorCipherOrder on

# SSL Protocol support:
# List the protocol versions which clients are allowed to connect with.
# Disable SSLv3 by default (cf. RFC 7525 3.1.1). TLSv1 (1.0) should be
# disabled as quickly as practical. By the end of 2016, only the TLSv1.2
# protocol or later should remain in use.
SSLProtocol all -SSLv3
SSLProxyProtocol all -SSLv3

# Pass Phrase Dialog:
# Configure the pass phrase gathering process.
# The filtering dialog program (`builtin' is an internal
# terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.
SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin

# Inter-Process Session Cache:
# Configure the SSL Session Cache: First the mechanism
# to use and second the expiring timeout (in seconds).
#SSLSessionCache "dbm:${SRVROOT}/logs/ssl_scache"
SSLSessionCache "shmcb:${SRVROOT}/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"
SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300

# OCSP Stapling (requires OpenSSL 0.9.8h or later)
#
# This feature is disabled by default and requires at least
# the two directives SSLUseStapling and SSLStaplingCache.
# Refer to the documentation on OCSP Stapling in the SSL/TLS
# How-To for more information.
#
# Enable stapling for all SSL-enabled servers:
#SSLUseStapling On

# Define a relatively small cache for OCSP Stapling using
# the same mechanism that is used for the SSL session cache
# above. If stapling is used with more than a few certificates,
# the size may need to be increased. (AH01929 will be logged.)
#SSLStaplingCache "shmcb:${SRVROOT}/logs/ssl_stapling(32768)"

# Seconds before valid OCSP responses are expired from the cache
#SSLStaplingStandardCacheTimeout 3600

# Seconds before invalid OCSP responses are expired from the cache
#SSLStaplingErrorCacheTimeout 600

##
## SSL Virtual Host Context
##

<VirtualHost _default_:443>

# General setup for the virtual host
DocumentRoot "${SRVROOT}/htdocs"
ServerName www.connections.dyndns-home.com:443
ServerAdmin steveeckler@bardstown.com.com
ErrorLog "${SRVROOT}/logs/error.log"
TransferLog "${SRVROOT}/logs/access.log"

# SSL Engine Switch:
# Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.
SSLEngine on

# Server Certificate:
# Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate. If
# the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a
# pass phrase. Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again. Keep
# in mind that if you have both an RSA and a DSA certificate you
# can configure both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA
# ciphers, etc.)
# Some ECC cipher suites (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4492.txt)
# require an ECC certificate which can also be configured in
# parallel.
SSLCertificateFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/Key/Certificate.crt"
#SSLCertificateFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/server-dsa.crt"
#SSLCertificateFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/server-ecc.crt"

# Server Private Key:
# If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this
# directive to point at the key file. Keep in mind that if
# you've both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure
# both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)
# ECC keys, when in use, can also be configured in parallel
SSLCertificateKeyFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/Key/private.key"
#SSLCertificateKeyFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/server-dsa.key"
#SSLCertificateKeyFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/server-ecc.key"

# Server Certificate Chain:
# Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the
# concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the
# certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively
# the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile
# when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server
# certificate for convenience.
#SSLCertificateChainFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/server-ca.crt"

# Certificate Authority (CA):
# Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA
# certificates for client authentication or alternatively one
# huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)
# Note: Inside SSLCACertificatePath you need hash symlinks
# to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
# Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
#SSLCACertificatePath "${SRVROOT}/conf/ssl.crt"
#SSLCACertificateFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt"

# Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL):
# Set the CA revocation path where to find CA CRLs for client
# authentication or alternatively one huge file containing all
# of them (file must be PEM encoded).
# The CRL checking mode needs to be configured explicitly
# through SSLCARevocationCheck (defaults to "none" otherwise).
# Note: Inside SSLCARevocationPath you need hash symlinks
# to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
# Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
#SSLCARevocationPath "${SRVROOT}/conf/ssl.crl"
#SSLCARevocationFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/ssl.crl/ca-bundle.crl"
#SSLCARevocationCheck chain

# Client Authentication (Type):
# Client certificate verification type and depth. Types are
# none, optional, require and optional_no_ca. Depth is a
# number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate
# issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.
#SSLVerifyClient require
#SSLVerifyDepth 10

# TLS-SRP mutual authentication:
# Enable TLS-SRP and set the path to the OpenSSL SRP verifier
# file (containing login information for SRP user accounts).
# Requires OpenSSL 1.0.1 or newer. See the mod_ssl FAQ for
# detailed instructions on creating this file. Example:
# "openssl srp -srpvfile ${SRVROOT}/conf/passwd.srpv -add username"
#SSLSRPVerifierFile "${SRVROOT}/conf/passwd.srpv"

# Access Control:
# With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based
# on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server
# variable checks and other lookup directives. The syntax is a
# mixture between C and Perl. See the mod_ssl documentation
# for more details.
#<Location />
#SSLRequire ( %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \
# and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \
# and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \
# and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \
# and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20 ) \
# or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/
#</Location>

# SSL Engine Options:
# Set various options for the SSL engine.
# o FakeBasicAuth:
# Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation. This means that
# the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control. The
# user name is the `one line' version of the client's X.509 certificate.
# Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user
# file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA'.
# o ExportCertData:
# This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and
# SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the
# server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client
# authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates
# into CGI scripts.
# o StdEnvVars:
# This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*' environment variables.
# Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,
# because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually
# useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the
# exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.
# o StrictRequire:
# This denies access when "SSLRequireSSL" or "SSLRequire" applied even
# under a "Satisfy any" situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied
# and no other module can change it.
# o OptRenegotiate:
# This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL
# directives are used in per-directory context.
#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
<FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</FilesMatch>
<Directory "${SRVROOT}/cgi-bin">
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</Directory>

# SSL Protocol Adjustments:
# The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown
# approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn't wait for
# the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown
# approach you can use one of the following variables:
# o ssl-unclean-shutdown:
# This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no
# SSL close notify alert is sent or allowed to be received. This violates
# the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use
# this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where
# mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.
# o ssl-accurate-shutdown:
# This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a
# SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify
# alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in
# practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use
# this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation
# works correctly.
# Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP
# keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable
# keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable "nokeepalive" for this.
# Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround
# their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables "downgrade-1.0" and
# "force-response-1.0" for this.
BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-5]" \
nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \
downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

# Per-Server Logging:
# The home of a custom SSL log file. Use this when you want a
# compact non-error SSL logfile on a virtual host basis.

CustomLog "${SRVROOT}/logs/ssl_request.log" "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"

#CustomLog "${SRVROOT}/logs/ssl_request.log" \
# "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"

</VirtualHost>


***************************************************************************

What happens is upon attempting to connect to connections.dyndns-home.com I get the 403 Permission error which now makes sense to me because WAMP64 isn't supposed to be a production server.

And I apologize for taking so long to reply to your request. I worked on this problem until late last night and right there at the end I managed to break the WAMP64 installation and I spent most of the day getting back to where I was last night. I'm making a back-up folder to prevent having losing my work a second time.

But anyway, I do appreciate your assistance.

Best regards...

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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: RiggsFolly (Moderator)
Date: August 19, 2020 10:41AM

Hi,

You have to remember that not everything is done for you. WAMPServer is delivered as a learning tool, not a perfectly configured solution for all of 1,000,000 possibly use cases.


If you had read through the httpd-ssl.conf file, even though a lot of it may have not made sense initially, that the idea with a learning tool, you see something you dont understand and then YOU DO SOME RESEARCH in the official manual (see my signature for links).

Ok, if you had looked as far as the Virtual Host definition (yes the secure version of a site requires a secure Virtual Host definition) in the httpd-ssl.conf file you really should have spotted

<VirtualHost _default_:443>

# General setup for the virtual host
DocumentRoot "${SRVROOT}/htdocs"
ServerName www.connections.dyndns-home.com:443
ServerAdmin steveeckler@bardstown.com.com
ErrorLog "${SRVROOT}/logs/error.log"
TransferLog "${SRVROOT}/logs/access.log"

These parameters of course need pointing to the REAL ACTUAL location on your disk, just like the non secure virtual host!


Then DONT STOP THERE, keep looking at each uncommented line to check what it does and that the paths are all sensible on YOUR SYSTEM.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Windows 10 Pro 64bit) (Wampserver 3.2.0 32bit & 64bit)
<Apache versions MULTIPE> <PHP versions MULTIPLE> <MySQL Versions MULTIPLE>
<MariaDB versions MULTIPLE> <phpMyAdmin versions MULTIPLE> <MySQL Workbench 8.0.19>

Read The Manuals Apache -- MySQL -- PHP -- phpMyAdmin
Get your Apache/MySQL/mariaDB/PHP ADDONs here from the WAMPServer alternate Repo
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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: Otomatic (Moderator)
Date: August 19, 2020 12:27PM

Hi,

Here [forum.wampserver.com] there is my own procedure to activate SSL https on Wampserver locally. There is an example of a working httpd-ssl.conf file. But, as RiggsFolly wrote, the rest is up to you.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wampserver 3.2.3 32 bit - Apache 2.4.46a - PHP 7.4.11…5.6.40 - MySQL 5.7.31 - MariaDB 10.5.6
Wampserver 3.2.3 64 bit - Apache 2.4.46a - PHP 7.4.11…5.6.40 - MySQL 5.7.31/8.0.21 - MariaDB 10.5.6
PhPMyadmin 5.0.2 - MysqlDumper 1.24.5
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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: Claudius (---.bardstown.com)
Date: August 19, 2020 05:42PM

OK...

Going through httpd-ssl.conf line at a time and doing the research.

I uncommented the "#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random 512 and
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 512" and the server failed to start. That section of httpd-ssl.conf refers me to the ssl user manual but I didn't find any mention of "random" and "urandom." My guess is that random and urandom are left-overs from a version of Apache that is intended to run on a Linux system rather than a Win 10 box. Is this random number requirement being handled in another fashion?

I commented out, "#SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!MD5:!RC4:!3DES" and, "SSLProxyCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!MD5:!RC4:!3DES" and then uncommented, " SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!SSLv3:!kRSA" and "SSLProxyCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!SSLv3:!kRSA." The server started up normally.

I was going through the following section of httpd-ssl.conf:

# Access Control:
# With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based
# on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server
# variable checks and other lookup directives. The syntax is a
# mixture between C and Perl. See the mod_ssl documentation
# for more details.
#<Location />
#SSLRequire ( %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \
# and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \
# and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \
# and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \
# and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20 ) \
# or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/
#</Location>

And in the process of looking for the Mod SSL documentation I broke my WAMP64 installation, again. Apparently Apache ssl_module doesn't like being left clicked.

Fortunately, I keep all my feathers numbered in case of an emergency.

***************************************************

Rebooted the win 10 server, looks like this instance of WAMP64 is gone for good. When I try to turn the ssl_module back on I get, "Could not execute menu item (internal eror)[Exception] Could not perform service action: The service has net been started."

My take; Wamp64 has gone to the happy hunting ground. The end.

I'll reinstall wamp64 and see if I can get this show back on the road.



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 08/19/2020 06:12PM by Claudius.

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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: RiggsFolly (Moderator)
Date: August 19, 2020 06:51PM

Did you read My How to Configure WAMPServer to use HTTPS SSL?

Or did you read Oto's as suggested in the previous post?

Perpetual Re-Installation is also not normally necessary

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Windows 10 Pro 64bit) (Wampserver 3.2.0 32bit & 64bit)
<Apache versions MULTIPE> <PHP versions MULTIPLE> <MySQL Versions MULTIPLE>
<MariaDB versions MULTIPLE> <phpMyAdmin versions MULTIPLE> <MySQL Workbench 8.0.19>

Read The Manuals Apache -- MySQL -- PHP -- phpMyAdmin
Get your Apache/MySQL/mariaDB/PHP ADDONs here from the WAMPServer alternate Repo
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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: Claudius (---.bardstown.com)
Date: August 20, 2020 03:14AM

I haven't read both of the SSL pages yet, I did read the one you gave me on the other post.

I have wampserver reinstalled and used the httpd-vhosts.conf file I posted and I haven't been able to establish public http service yet. I haven't figured out what I did different last time yet.

Both times that I broke the wampserver I'm pretty, pretty sure I right clicked on the ssl_module link in the apache module page. I know for sure that's what I did the second time around.

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Re: 443 connection problem
Posted by: RiggsFolly (Moderator)
Date: August 20, 2020 11:17AM

OK, so remember, that just changes a line in the php.ini file.

So if doing something like that screws things up, just manually edit the php.ini file an replace the comment on whatever you did. Then try restarting.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Windows 10 Pro 64bit) (Wampserver 3.2.0 32bit & 64bit)
<Apache versions MULTIPE> <PHP versions MULTIPLE> <MySQL Versions MULTIPLE>
<MariaDB versions MULTIPLE> <phpMyAdmin versions MULTIPLE> <MySQL Workbench 8.0.19>

Read The Manuals Apache -- MySQL -- PHP -- phpMyAdmin
Get your Apache/MySQL/mariaDB/PHP ADDONs here from the WAMPServer alternate Repo
-X-X-X- Backup your databases regularly Here is How dont regret it later! Yes even when developing -X-X-X-

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